Periodontal diseases are mostly chronic diseases caused by bacteria, although sometimes these diseases may also manifest in acute inflammation of supportive tissues surrounding teeth. The causes of these diseases are associated with several factors. Most important of them is plaque that forms on teeth and interplays with other factors, such as an organism’s response to inflammation, systemic diseases (e.g. diabetes), smoking and local problems (anatomy and location of a tooth, position of a tooth in relation to other teeth and the crest of bone etc.), determining so the extent and progress of disease.
The main symptoms, that indicate inflammation of the attachment apparatus of teeth: