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Periodontal diseases are mostly chronic diseases caused by bacteria, although sometimes these diseases may also manifest in acute inflammation of supportive tissues surrounding teeth. The causes of these diseases are associated with several factors. Most important of them is plaque that forms on teeth and interplays with other factors, such as an organism’s response to inflammation, systemic diseases (e.g. diabetes), smoking and local problems (anatomy and location of a tooth, position of a tooth in relation to other teeth and the crest of bone etc.), determining so the extent and progress of disease.

Periodontal diseases 

Sakala Hambaravi - parodontoloogia

The main symptoms
, that indicate inflammation of the attachment apparatus of teeth:

  • Bleeding of gums (while brushing as well as spontaneous)
  • Red/purple gums
  • Swollen gums
  • Gums are tender to the touch, uncomfortable itching
  • Bad breath
  • Loose teeth
  • Teeth have changed their position
  • Aesthetic problems (so-called black triangles have developed between teeth, receding gums, apparent lengthening of teeth)
  • Recurring abscesses
  • Receding gums cause higher sensitivity of teeth to temperature
  • Other family members have experienced similar symptoms or problems with early loss of teeth
  • Early loss of teeth because they have become loose

Treatment of periodontitis